Straddling the Equator, Ecuador has territories in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The country borders Columbia to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Peru to the south and east, and is the eighth largest country in South America, with an extremely diverse geography, ranging from the Amazon jungles, via the Andes to the Galapagos Archipelago out in the Pacific Ocean.
The country has 11 national parks and many wildlife and nature reserves and is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world.
It also has a rich culture and heritage and a wealth of scenic attractions. The old parts of the cities of Quito and Cuenca are both UNESCO World Heritage Sites and have many well preserved colonial buildings
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Ecuador is a large country with a varied terrain resulting in a variety of biodiverse habitats for animal and plant life. Lots of nature reserves and national parks provide visitors with great opportunities to spot mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and insects.
Take a look through our site to find out more about the wildlife you can expect to encounter on your Ecuador adventure.
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Where to Visit on Your Ecuador Adventure
Mainland Ecuador is geographically divided into three distinct natural regions: the Coastal Lowlands (La Costa), the Andean Highlands (La Sierra) and the Amazon Rainforest (El Oriente). The backbone of the country is the Andes mountain range, which traverses the country from north to south.
A fourth region is the Galapagos Islands Archipelago, some 1000km off the coast, out in the Pacific. The Galapagos Islands Region is covered in separate sections of this website.
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